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The pump is a machine that transforms the mechanical energy it receives from another source and transmits hydraulic energy to incompressible fluids. The pump transfers the mechanical energy from a drive motor to the fluid passing through the pump casing. In general, pumps increase the pressure and total energy of liquids, allowing them to be transported from one place to another. The pump is designed to ensure that liquids and large bodies of water are removed from a medium, such as ensuring the permanent circulation of cooling water, pumping gasoline in an automobile, transferring oil and radiator water, recirculating the water of a heating installation, supplying feed water to a steam boiler, supplying stream and drinking water in cities and towns. One of the biggest needs of the industry, industry and agricultural sector, which is used for transportation to another environment, is pumps.


The pump is a device that has a long history that differs according to the type of liquid to be delivered. Archimedes, the inventor of the pump, a Greek mathematician and also inventor, invented a spiral pump for extracting water years ago and is still used today as the Archiemedes screw. Archiemedes found some calculations and formulas to find the volume of the sphere. These formulas and studies are mostly based on the buoyancy of liquids. In fact, there is a rumor during this period of discovery. According to the legend, while washing in the bathtub, he noticed that the water lifted his body and thus found the lifting power of the water. It is unclear how true the expressions found in some sources reflect the truth, but it is known that this “pump invention” that started with this or that occasion continues to maintain its importance in our lives as one of the essentials of today's industry.


Let's continue with the answer to the question of what the pump does. Sumak Pumps increase the pressure and total energy of liquids. The pump serves to add kinetic or potential energy to the fluid it absorbs. The pump is used to convey fluids from one place to another, to raise them higher and to compress gases and evacuate gases inside closed places.


As we have just mentioned, the pump has many types. We can generally divide them into 2 groups; dynamic pumps, positive displacement pumps. Let's divide the commonly used and known pump types into several groups.


Volumetric (Volumetric-Positive Displacement) Pump

The basic operating rule of these pumps is that the fluid is transported from the low pressure (suction) region to the high pressure (discharge) area in the form of closed volumes. The pump is divided into two as linear moving (piston, membrane, etc.) and rotational (gear, screw, pallet, etc.). The theory of volumetric pumps is very simple. Manometric height occurs spontaneously at the value required for the system. Theoretically it could go on forever. Flow rate is the sum of the closed fluid volume transported per unit time.


Rotodynamic (Centrifugal ‐ Mixed Flow ‐ Axial) Pump

This type of pump has an impeller operating inside the fluid.Rotodynamic pumps simply add momentum to the fluid through fast-moving vanes or specially designed specific devices. The pump increases the momentum of the fluid by passing it through the open channels and then converts the high velocity of the fluid present into the pressure increase by sending it to the emitter section. Sumak Centrifugal pumps are classified into three categories as mixed flow pumps and axial pumps. The most important factor affecting this classification is the specific speed of the pumps and the impeller structure accordingly. Among them, the pump type with the lowest cost is Sumak centrifugal pumps.

Hydraulic pump

Hydraulic pumps add pressure to the fluid and generate hydraulic working energy. If the pump does not provide sufficient pressure and flow rate, it cannot perform the hydraulic circuit and functions. Different types of hydraulic pumps are used in hydraulic circuits, depending on the application conditions. Hydraulic pump types; We can classify them as gear, piston and vane pumps. Gear pumps can reach pressures up to 200 bar and are readily available on the market. Vane pumps can go up to 100 bar pressure. Its most important advantage is its low noise level. Its disadvantage is its low suction performance.

Submersible pump

Sumak Submersible pump is capable of operating when it is completely immersed in water. They are also known as sewage, septic sumak pumps. Submersible pumps are designed to operate completely submerged. The Sumak Submersible pump is often used when groundwater needs to be extracted. It runs smoothly and is relatively economical. Despite being in contact with water, it is one of the durable and long-lasting pump types. It is suitable for the use of well water in buildings, car wash stations. The pump is also used for irrigation of gardens and agricultural fields. Submersible pumps are also a type of well pumps used for the first time in the oil industry.


Piston pump

Positive displacement pumps that use pistons to move fluid through a cylindrical chamber are called piston pumps. There are more than one variety of designs. While the variety is large, they use at least one piston, all of which move in a closed cylinder. Axial and radial piston pump types are among the special design types.


Peristaltic pump

Peristaltic pumps provide a steady flow, especially for blending and dosing. It is commonly used in the water treatment, chemical processing, pharmaceutical and food processing industries. One of its most important advantages is that the liquid does not come into contact with the device. In this way, there are no parts that need to be cleaned such as valves, diaphragms, seals and the like. It is sufficient to clean the pipe or replace it if necessary. It also requires less maintenance thanks to the easy pipe change. Let's also say that there is no reflux condition in the peristaltic pump.

Since the pump is a very wide pool of varieties, besides the above mentioned; Vane pumps, diaphragm pumps, centrifugal pumps, radial flow pumps, peripheral pumps and many more types of pumps are available.

There are different types of pumps on the market. The type and selection of the pump depends mainly on our needs. The app basically includes the type of liquid you want to pump, the distance you want to move the fluid, and the amount you want to transfer in a given time frame. However, understanding exactly what type of pump you should choose is complicated. The selection of the product can also be made with the appropriate design according to where you will position it.